"The Fourth Turning.
with author Neil Howe on the Coast-to-Coast show.
Setting aside the book, the philosophic impasse is far deeper than various cycles of history.
Back around the 1700s, in the days of Isaac Newton, Kant, and the heyday of German philosophy, we had a basic split in western thinking.
The one side eventually became the romantics, building on the idea that everything is part of everything, and we feel knowledge (somehow) by osmosis.
The other side became the structuralists, holding that every effect has a cause, and the cause is a function of smaller and smaller causes. They became the foundation of what we know as Science.
The problem is that neither philosophy allows for ANY part of the other. In other words, you either can be (and must be) purely logical, analyzing all of existence through intellect alone, or you must be purely sensory. Feelings are the only possible way to understand reality, if you`re coming out of the romantics.
Obviously feelings are fundamental, and our senses are critical to life and existing in the real world. Just as obviously, intellect and analysis are crucial to having goals, making plans, and understanding the world around us.
That being said, neither side has changed. Neither side has developed their philosophy much since those days. Neither side is interested in what difference may exist between feelings and emotions. And so, we`re at a total impasse.
Science on the one hand, knowledge-by-osmosis (or revelation) on the other. And a total chasm between the two.
Modern conservatism tends toward intellect, analysis, and logic, but does make room for feelings and emotions. Modern liberalism tends towards feelings, beliefs without facts, but makes room for some amount of logic.
Philosophers have pretty much abdicated all responsibilities for their writings, and worse, haven`t at all developed to account for hundreds of years of science, technology, information theory, physics, or any thing else at all.
The result is that we now are having to live through the endgame of these two major branches of western thought. Neither side is right, neither side makes total sense, and neither side is at all interested in coming up with a new philosophy.